Chemistry is an experimental science based on observations of the structure and composition of matter, energy, and the interactions between matter and energy; Chemistry is a physical science based on laws, theories, and models. According to Zumdahl, Zumdahl, and DeCoste, chemistry is a science that deals with the materials of the universe and the changes that these materials undergo.<ref>Zumdahl, S.S., Zumdahl, S. L., DeCoste, D. J. (2006). World of Chemistry. Houghton Mifflin Company.</ref>
The Central Science
Brown, LeMay and Bursten suggested that chemistry is the central science because chemistry touches so many other subjects. For example, chemistry is interwoven with physics, biology, and earth science.
First year students will study atomic structure, chemical bonds, stoichiometry, kinetics, thermochemistry, and chemical reactions. Students will need to be organized, practice solving problems, and constantly ask questions. Additionally, students must be comfortable with math.
|Analytical chemistry||Study of components and composition of substances|
|Biochemistry||Study of matter and process of living organisms|
|Inorganic chemistry||Study of matter that does not contain carbon|
|Organic chemistry||Study of matter that contains carbon|
|Physical chemistry||Study the behavior of matter and the energy changes|
Chemistry has its roots with the medieval practice of alchemy, which had two goals: to try to turn substances into gold and to prolong life.
According to The Story of Alchemy and the Beginnings of Chemistry by Muir in 1902, "No branch of science has had so long a period of incubation as chemistry." In fact, the history of chemistry begins during the prehistoric times with the desire to understand and explain fire.<ref>Columbia</ref> For ease of understanding the long duration of history behind chemistry, historians tend to describe chemistry in terms of four major milestones: Ancient Greek society, dark ages (Alchemy), birth of chemistry (Early chemists), and modern chemistry.
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