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Thallium


Thallium comes from Greek-thallos meaning “a green shoot or twig”<ref>Liddell, Henry George and Scott, Robert (eds.) "θαλλος", in A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford University Press.</ref> since Thallium has bright green spectral emission lines.<ref>Gagnon, S. (n.d.). It's Elemental - The Element Thallium. Retrieved from http://education.jlab.org/itselemental/ele081.html</ref> It is the 81th element with the symbol Tl in the periodic table. Thallium can be found in group 13 and period 6. It is a post-transition metal which can't be found free in nature. Thallium can be seen as a metallic luster, but then develops into a blueish-grey color resembling lead's appearance.<ref>Lenntech, B. (n.d.). Thallium (Tl) - Chemical properties, Health and Environmental effects. Retrieved from http://www.lenntech.com/periodic/elements/tl.htm</ref>


Name Thallium
Atomic Number 81
Atomic Weight 204.38 amu.
Symbol Tl
Melting Point ( °C ) 577 K
Boiling Point ( °C ) 1746 K
Density (g/cm3) 11.85 g/cm3
Earth crust (%) 2.6 log
Discovery (Year) 1861
Group 13
Electron configuration [Xe] 4f14 5d106s2 6p1
Ionization energy (eV) 589.139 kJ/mol

Discovery

Chemists William Crooks and Claude-Auguste Lamy discovered Thallium in 1861. They had used the newly developed Flame Spectroscopy Method where Thallium produced a green spectral line. <ref>Weeks, Mary Elvira (1932). "The discovery of the elements. XIII. Supplementary note on the discovery of thallium". Journal of Chemical Education 9 (12): 2078. Bibcode:1932JChEd...9.2078W. doi:10.1021/ed009p2078.</ref> At first, Crooks used this method to make spectroscopic determinations to see any signs of tellurium in the selenium from a sludge he had obtain. Instead of seeing the yellow spectral lines that tellurium produce, he discovered a bright green spectral line no one has seen before. He then named it thallium after the greek word thallos meaning green twig.


References

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