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Pierre Curie



Pierre Curie was born in Paris, France on May 15, 1859. He began his early education at home, then later went to the faculty of the sciences at the Sorbonne. He gained his Licentiateship in physics in 1878. Pierre worked as a demonstrator of physics in a physics laboratory until 1882 when he received a position as the leader of all practical work in the Physics and Industrial Chemistry Schools. In 1895 Pierre received a doctorate degree and was appointed professor of physics.

Achievements

His early studies were those of crystallography. Together with his older brother Jacques, Pierre observed that an electric potential was produced when mechanical pressure was exerted on a quartz crystal such as the Rochelle salt. Their findings were noted and Pierre Decided to give something else a shot, that something was magnetism. He discovered that the magnetic coefficients of attraction of paramagnetic bodies vary in inverse proportion to the absolute temperature. <ref>http://www.ob-ultrasound.net/curie.html</ref> He then established an analogy between paramagnetic bodies and perfect gases, as a result of this, between ferromagnetic bodies and condensed fluids. <ref>http://www.ob-ultrasound.net/curie.html</ref> to assist in his experiments, he constructed several delicate pieces of apparatus including balances, electrometers and piezoelectric crystals. Together the Curies received the Noble peace prize for their work. Pierre Curie's work is recorded in numerous publications in the Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences, and the Journal de Physique and the Annales de Physique Ed Chimie <ref>http://nobelprize.org/nobel--'prizes/physics/laureates/1903/pierre-curie-bio.html</ref> Curie was awared the Davy Medal of the Royal Society of London in 1903 and in 1905 he was elected into the Academy of Sciences.

Relationship

While he did his study he met his wife, the chemist, Marie Curie, who worked in the same lab. He was ten years older then her, first making them chemistry partners. They later got married and had a daughter Irene who was born two years later. In 1898, they announced the discovery of polonium and radium by fractionation of pitchblende. Together the Curies received the Nobel prize in Physics for their work. Pierre Curie passed away on April 19, 1906, as a result of a carriage accident in a rainstorm while crossing the Rue Dauphine in Paris. Both Pierre and Marie were enshrined in the crypt of the Pantheon in Paris in 1995! Their daughter Irene Joliot-Curie and their son-in law Fredric Joliot-Curie were also pysicists involved in the study of radioactivity. Pierre and Marie Curie achieved so much in their years as Chemist.

References

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