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Mercury (element)


Mercury


Who I Am

Mercury, Hg

Liquid-Mercury.jpg

Classification: Metal

Estimated Crustal Abundance: 8.5×10-2 milligrams per kilogram

Estimated Oceanic Abundance: 3×10-5 milligrams per liter

My Backstory

When , how, and by whom it was discovered: Mercury was found in Egyptian tombs that date from 1500 BC but it was discovered in 200 BC

Origin of its name: Mercury's chemical symbol comes from the Greek word hydrargyrum, which means "liquid silver."

What it is found in today: It is primarily obtained from the mineral cinnabar.

What it is used for today: Mercury is used in thermometers, barometers, manometers, sphygmomanometers, float valves, mercury switches, mercury relays, fluorescent lamps.

Where I Live

Address (Atomic #) on the PT: 80

Period # & Group # on the PT: 6, 12

Family name (if any): Transition metals

My Vital Statistics

Atomic #: 80

Average Atomic Mass: 200.59 amu

  1. protons, neutrons, electrons: 80, 121, 80
  1. of stable isotopes: 7

My Close Up

Shell diagram:


Electron configuration: [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2

My Physical Side:

Physical properties: Mercury is a heavy, silvery-white metal, poor conductor of heat but a fair conductor of electricity, it has low boiling and melting points considering it’s a metal. It is the only metal to melt at a general cold temperature.

My Chemical Side

Chemical properties: Mercury doesn’t react with most acids, reacts with atmospheric hydrogen sulfide, reacts with solid sulfur flakes, reacts with activated carbon and powdered zinc in spill kits to absorb vapors

My Movie Star Side

A video clip featuring something interesting about your element

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My Tabloid Side

1.Although mercury is known to be highly toxic, it was considered therapeutic throughout much of history.


2.The element Mercury is named for the Roman god Mercury. Mercury is the only element to retain its alchemical name as its modern.


Discovery

References

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