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- Absolute temperature scale
- Absolute zero-The zero point on the absolute temperature scale; -273.15°C or 0 K
- Boyle's law-At constant temperature the volume occupied by a definite mass of a gas is inversely proportional to the applied pressure.
- Charles law-At constant pressure the volume occupied by a definite mass of gas is directly proportional to its absolute temperature
- Density of water-Mass per unit Volume: D=MV
- Directly proportional
- Effusion-the rate at which a gas escapes through an orifice or hole.
- Fluids-Substances that flow freely like gases and liquids
- Gas laws-
- Grahams law-The rates of effusion of gases are inversely proportional to the square roots of their molecular weights or densities.
- Heat-A form of energy that flows between two samples of matter because of their differences in temperature.
- Homogeneous-A substance or material that contains only one kind of compound or one element.
- Ideal gases-hypothetical gases that obey exactly all postulates of the kinetic-molecular theory
- Intermolecular forces-Forces between individual particles (atoms, molecules, ions) of a substance.
- Inversely proportional relationships-
- Kelvin-the temperature scale used in chemistry (-273k)
- Kinetic energy-Energy that matter processes by virtue of its motion
- Kinetic Molecular Theory-A theory, that attempts to explain macroscopic observations on gases in microscopic observations on gases in microscopic observations on gases in microscopic or molecular terms
- Mixtures-samples of matter composed of two or more substances
- Monatomic gas-elements that are present in the gaseous state as single atoms (noble gases)
- Random motion
- Rate of diffusion
- Standard Temperature & Pressure (STP)- 0°C and 1 atmosphere.
- The ideal gas law-The product of pressure and the volume of an ideal gas is directly proportional to the number of moles of the gas and the absolute temperature.
- Universal gas constant-
- Water pressure
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